DMCii satellite imaging monitors Indonesian forests

Indonesia has lost an estimated 72 percent of its original frontier forest. Photo: www.globalforestwatch.org

Indonesia has lost an estimated 72 percent of its original frontier forest. Photo: www.globalforestwatch.org

DMC International Imaging Ltd (DMCii), which has just won a €100,000 contract from the European Space Agency (ESA), will demonstrate the value of its coordinated multi-satellite optical imagery for tropical forest monitoring in Indonesia.

There is an urgent need for the monitoring of global forests with varying spatial resolutions and regularity, and Earth Observation techniques can make a major contribution. Up-to-date information is vital to improve the effective management of forests and control carbon emissions under the Kyoto strategy for combating climate change.

The objective of this project is to demonstrate the benefits of a multi-sensor approach for systematic wide area monitoring of tropical forests at high resolution, exploiting the unique capabilities of the Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC) along with complementary data from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellites which have all-weather acquisition capabilities.

Systematic monitoring of tropical forests over wide areas is currently only done at low resolution. Many aspects of forest management and monitoring require high resolution products, for example to detect selective forest degradation (as opposed to large-scale clearcuts) and the appearance of new logging tracks, and this is why the project will showcase the powerful combination of wide area coverage (each image up to 650km wide) and high resolution (20-32m pixel size) provided by the DMC constellation. The project will demonstrate the ability to detect annual changes (and just as importantly the absence of change) in forest cover associated with logging, protection, re-afforestation schemes and other causes of change.

Central Sumatra. UK-DMC-1 satellite image © 2009 SSTL, all rights reserved, supplied by DMCii.

Central Sumatra. UK-DMC-1 satellite image © 2009 SSTL, all rights reserved, supplied by DMCii.

For example, in the last twelve years, Indonesia has suffered from multiple forest and peat soil fires. This is due in part to continued land clearance by local farmers and government projects but they are worsened in El Nino years by the low rainfall. The El Nino effect has created a tinderbox that destroyed more than 9.7 million hectares of forest area in 1997-1998. The result has been the continued degradation of thick peat soils through fire and erosion.

Fires such as these are not only dangerous to Indonesia but also to surrounding countries such as Australia because of the poisonous smoke and smog released. It is not only a tragedy for the Asia-Pacific area however, studies have found that the effects of biomass burning activity in Indonesia have made a significant contribution to atmospheric carbon.

DMCii leads a team comprising the University of Leicester and the World Resources Institute (WRI) to demonstrate the integration of EO products with non-EO data and expert knowledge to provide a service that integrates with existing users’ systems. The team has a wealth of experience: the experts from Leicester University have a long track record of research into peat fires in Indonesia and the World Resources Institute is active in tropical forest monitoring through its Global Forest Watch Programme. DMCii has coordinated imaging campaigns over the rainforests of the Amazon Basin, the Congo Basin and South East Asia, and temperate forests in Siberia, Scandinavia, Europe and North America.

Riau province, Indonesia. UK-DMC-1 satellite image © 2009 SSTL, all rights reserved, supplied by DMCii.

Riau province, Indonesia. UK-DMC-1 satellite image © 2009 SSTL, all rights reserved, supplied by DMCii.

Satellite imagery from the DMC constellation of 5 small earth observation satellites will be an integral part of the campaign. The constellation, which is soon to gain three new 20m class satellites, is ideally suited to regular and wide area imaging because it has the capability to image a wide image swath (650km) at high resolution (32m) on a daily basis which has not been previously available with Landsat ETM data. The three new DMC satellites will further increase the achievable resolution to 20m, offering much more detailed imagery.

This project focuses on private sector and NGO users such as forest management, certification and carbon trading but the results will also be relevant for various public sector initiatives.

About DMC International Imaging Ltd

DMC International Imaging Ltd (DMCii) is a UK based supplier of remote sensing data products and services for international Earth Observation (EO) markets. DMCii supplies programmed and archived optical satellite imagery provided by the multi-satellite Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC). DMC data is now used in a wide variety of commercial and government applications including agriculture, forestry and environmental mapping.

In partnership with the British National Space Centre (BNSC) and the other DMC member nations (Algeria, China, Nigeria, Turkey and Spain), DMCii works with the International Charter: ‘Space and Major Disasters’ to provide free satellite imagery for humanitarian use in the event of major international disasters such as tsunami, hurricanes, fires and flooding.

DMCii was formed in October 2004 and is a subsidiary of Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL), the world leader in small satellite technology. SSTL designed and built the DMC with the support of the BNSC and in conjunction with the DMC member nations Algeria, China, Nigeria, Turkey and Spain.

www.dmcii.com