In advancing the goal of achieving sustainable development around the world, Rio de Janeiro will host the 20th annual United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Brazil from June 20-22.
Following the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) and 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, Rio+20 is a high-level conference centered on seven critical global issues in an effort to address sustainable development initiatives from previous summits and “secure renewed political commitment” for sustainable development.
Rio+20 will converge on the themes of a “green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication” and “the institutional framework for sustainable development.”
The seven critical issues at Rio+20 are: Jobs, energy, cities, food, water, oceans, and disasters. Attendees will convene to discuss issues such as “green jobs,” focusing on positions in agriculture and industry aimed at preserving the environment; sustainable energy as a means to strengthen economies; and the building of community resilience in the face of disasters.
Three preparatory meetings were held prior to the conference, the first in May 2010. A 10-member bureau was elected at the first meeting to guide the process in preparing for Rio+20.
In May 2010, the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon elected Sha Zukang as secretary-general for Rio+20, who currently heads the Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
“Sustainable development is not an option,” Zukang says in a conference brochure. “It is the only path that allows all of humanity to share a decent life on this, one planet. Rio+20 gives our generation the opportunity to choose this path.”
For more information, see the Rio+ website.