Following the C: A Quick Introduction to Tracking Ocean Carbon

Earthzine2016 Monthly Focus Topics, Original, Themed Articles

With the rise in atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon‰Ûªs role in ocean chemistry and biology is being augmented. New tracking and modeling techniques help to reveal how a changing atmosphere may impact the oceans. Carbon plays a leading role in ocean chemistry and biology, a role currently augmented by rising atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2). Tracking the … Read More

Investigating Groundwater in Montana Informs State Water Policy Decisions

Earthzine2016 Monthly Focus Topics, Original

The Ground Water Investigation Program at the Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology seeks to provide answers to communities about the status of local groundwater. This article was updated on March 1st, 2016. As in many western states, officials in Montana have long been concerned with water. Montana’s landmass is the size of Japan, and the hydrogeology of the state … Read More

STEP M: Space to Effectively Prepare for Migration

EarthzineOriginal, Technology

Countries can follow STEP M in parallel, which will provide advice on how to obtain, integrate and operate space data within their adaptation plan for climate change and possible migration. Introduction Climate change will increasingly impact the Earth‰Ûªs natural environment in many ways, such as more frequent natural disasters, heat waves, melting polar ice, and rising sea levels. Many of … Read More

An Integrated Modelling Framework for the Forest-based Bioeconomy

Sarah MubarekaGeospatial Semantic Array Programming, Original, Uncategorized

This paper describes the conceptual design of a regional modelling framework to assess scenarios for the forest-based bioeconomy. The framework consists of a core set of tools: a partial equilibrium model for the forest sector, a forestry dynamics model for forest growth and harvest, and a wood resources balance sheet. The framework can be expanded to include an energy model, a landuse model and a forest-owner decision model.

Predicting Future Forest Ranges Using Array-based Geospatial Semantic Modelling

EarthzineGeospatial Semantic Array Programming, Original, Themed Articles

Studying the impacts of climate change requires looking at ranges of variables that transect a broad range of sectors. Geospatial Semantic Array Programming (GeoSemAP) offers the potential to help create a cross-discipline vocabulary for discussing data and processes used in geospatial studies. Within this field, the PESETA II project offers an example of how GeoSemAPs can be used to address the ecological challenges associated with a shifting climate.

Improving Numerical Weather Prediction Models and Data-Access Latencies

EarthzineArticles, Earth Science Informatics, Informatics Theme, Original, Sections, Themed Articles

The data center community must work to allow researchers more time to spend on analyzing results and less time coding and worrying about file formats and data transfers. We identify some of the existing limitations of traditional archives, discuss examples of model data diagnostics, and explore the many benefits of providing archive-based computational resources on peta-scale databases.

SERVIR partnership increases capabilities of Himalaya regional organization ICIMOD

EarthzineArticles, Climate, Disasters, Earth Observation, Original, Quick Looks, Sections

SERVIR continues to put resources into the hands of local experts through its newest partnership with regional Himalaya development organization ICIMOD. With supplemental resources from SERVIR, ICIMOD has increased capacity in its member states and developed a forest fire monitoring system based on satellite data.