The Radar Games: Catching Fires

EarthzineDEVELOP 2015 Summer VPS, DEVELOP Virtual Poster Session, Investigating Impacts of Fire and Landslide Disasters

This is an article from the Summer 2015 VPS. For more VPS articles, click here

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UAVSAR radar image of the burn scar from the Mint Fire in Los Angeles, California, September 2011. Yellow indicates highest vegetative change; black indicates lowest. Image Credit: California Disasters II

Category: Investigating Impacts of Fire and Landslide Disasters

Project Team: California Disasters II

Team Location: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory – Pasadena, California

Authors:

Jerry Heo

Christine Rains

Erika Higa

Mark Barker

Mentors/Advisors:

Dr. Sang-ho Yun (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)

Dr. Mark Simons (California Institute of Technology)

Brent Minchew (California Institute of Technology)

Abstract:

The need for efficient wildfire monitoring and assessment is paramount in California due to increasing ecological and economical losses caused by wildfire. The California Disasters II team at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory partnered with the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE) and the U.S. Forest Service Remote Sensing Activities Center (RSAC) to examine the potential of using radar-derived imagery from NASA‰Ûªs Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) sensor for active fire assessment. Currently, remote sensing support for active fire response is limited to infrared-detecting satellites with relatively low spatial or temporal resolutions, or to airborne sensors that have limited availability and that may be interfered by cloud and smoke. The UAVSAR instrument mounted on NASA‰Ûªs Gulfstream III plane, however, has a high spatial resolution of 5 meters, can be flown day or night, and can penetrate cloud and smoke. The team studied wildfires throughout California from 2009 to the present and analyzed the ability of the UAVSAR sensor to detect burn scars and classify burn severity using a simple method with minimal computational demands. The results showed that the UAVSAR sensor is capable of detecting changes in vegetation due to wildfires. This preliminary study suggests that polarimetric SAR has the potential to become a powerful tool for active fire response.

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