Agriculture

Earth observations combined with other data contribute to crop monitoring to counter food insecurity, a commitment upheld by all states under Sustainable Development Goal 2, zero hunger.


Biodiversity

cientists study living creatures from microbes to whales, from insects to polar bears, from algae to rainforests. GEOSS is linking together the world’s many stand-alone biodiversity monitoring systems and connecting them to other Earth observation networks that generate relevant data, such as climate and pollution indicators.

Climate

The climate has impacts in each of the other societal benefit areas. Coping with climate change and variability demands good scientific understanding based on sufficient and reliable observations. 


Disasters

Earth observations contribute to disaster mapping and better mitigation and response, working with the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction.

Ecosystems

Scientists study living creatures from microbes to whales, from insects to polar bears, from algae to rainforests. GEOSS is linking together the world’s many stand-alone biodiversity monitoring systems and connecting them to other Earth observation networks that generate relevant data, such as climate and pollution indicators.


Energy

Fossil fuel energy use accounts for more than two thirds of greenhouse gas emissions. Earth observations can be used to increase the global share of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power, in combination with energy efficiency, to help limit a further rise in global temperature, in line with The Paris Agreement.

Health

Public health alerts on air quality, outbreaks of disease carried by water-borne vectors, and assessments of access to health facilities are informed by Earth observations and help to achieve SDG Goal 3 on Good Health and Wellbeing.


Oceans

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People

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Policy

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Sustainability

Use of Earth observations can promote equity, welfare and shared prosperity for all levels of human settlement, fostering national urban planning and showing land change over time to rethink the Urban Agenda.


Technology

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Water

Technology allows for day-by-day tracking of extreme weather, alerting authorities to crop failures, monitoring inland water resources and tracing the steady spread of deserts and deforestation, water is central to all aspects of human life.


Weather

The weather observations encompassed by GEOSS are based on the requirements for timely short- and medium-term forecasts.