This is an article from the Summer 2015 VPS. For more VPS articles, click here
Category: Investigating Impacts of Fire and Landslide Disasters
Project Team: Idaho Disasters III
Team Location: Bureau of Land Management at Idaho State University GIS TReC – Pocatello, Idaho
Keith Weber (Idaho State University)
Mark Carroll (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)
Dr. John Schnase (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)
Wildfires, coupled with the presence of invasive plant species, are primary drivers of change in semi-arid savanna ecosystems. These wildfires disrupt ecosystems, human localities, critical habitats of the endangered Greater Sage Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), and create opportunities for invasive species to expand their populations. Wildland fire regimes have changed dramatically due to cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), an invasive annual grass, which has effectively lengthened the wildfire season and increased fire frequency. The ability of cheatgrass to quickly establish in disturbed areas creates a positive feedback cycle with wildland fire, resulting in landscapes that burn more frequently and become increasingly dominated by this invasive plant. This creates a need for more advanced landscape and wildfire monitoring tools that can identify the prominence of invasive plants in order to provide better information regarding fire susceptibility. Currently, there are no active cheatgrass management plans in Idaho due to the overwhelming capabilities of the plant to dominate landscapes. However, effective management of this species requires knowledge of its distribution in order to evaluate wildfire regimes and prevent cheatgrass expansion in recently disturbed landscapes. This study used spring and summer 2013, 2014, and 2015 imagery from Landsat 8 Operational Land Imagery (OLI) and decision-tree-based classification to create a vegetation distribution map of Southeast Idaho that identified cheatgrass and was subsequently used to create a fire susceptibility map for the study area. These results enhance the decision-making processes of the Bureau of Land Management and Idaho Department of Land with respect to resource allocations and support post-fire rehabilitation planning and fuel reduction programs.