The Changing California Coast: Relationships Between Climatic Variables and Coastal Vegetation Succession

EarthzineArticles, Climate, Earth Observation, Ecosystems Theme, Forest Resource Information Theme, Original, Sections, Themed Articles

Study area, four counties along the central California coast.

Vegetation classification of the study area in 2010.Understanding patterns of vegetation change and related climatic factors are critical, especially in light of future climate change projections that could profoundly alter vegetation patterns and processes. A recent NASA Applied Sciences DEVELOP project focused on the use of the Landsat-5 TM satellite images to assess the general vegetation distribution pattern and areas of vegetation change along the California coast from 1985-2010.

Remote Sensing Emerges as an Important Tool for Habitat and Species Conservation

EarthzineArticles, Biodiversity, Earth Observation, Ecosystems Theme, Original, Sections, Themed Articles

Diagram showing web services being developed at JRC that will be made available by the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). Credit: DOPA.

Diagram showing web services being developed at JRC that will be made available by the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). Credit: DOPA.Remote sensing has emerged as an important tool to help identify habitats most in need of conservation. But applying remotely sensed data has its challenges. To solve these problems, the Joint Research Center of the European Commission has developed the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA) to help assess, monitor and forecast the status and environmental pressures faced in protected areas.

The Water Question in Lake Chad Basin: Lessons from the Drought in Somalia

EarthzineEcosystems Theme, Original, Themed Articles, Water Availability Theme

A Flow Chart of relation between climate change and glacier length.

Image of study areas showing perennial rivers in dark blue and intermittent rivers in sky blue in the Lake Chad Basin, Somalia, and AfricaWill an effective mechanism be put in place to detect the onset of drought in Africa’s Lake Chad Basin? What needs to be done to minimize adverse effects of drought in the basin? In this essay, scientific perspectives are applied to explain and compare the complex nature of the current drought in Somalia and the Lake Chad Basin.

Using the Landsat Archive for the Monitoring of Mediterranean Coastal Wetlands: Examples from the GlobWetland-II Project

EarthzineArticles, Earth Observation, Ecosystems Theme, Original, Sections, Themed Articles, Water Availability Theme

A photo showing the author turning over a cover crop of winter rye on Jan. 2, 2012. In three of the past six years, ground freeze-up, which historically occurred by November, has been delayed into January.

Figure showing multi-temporal Wetland Identification and Delineation products (1975, 1990, and 2002) for exemplary sites between Izmir and Bodrum (upper part: region around Tahtali Dam; lower part: Bodrum airport area).Coastal wetlands in the Mediterranean have undergone considerable land use and land cover changes in recent decades, by way of urban growth and increasing tourism infrastructure. The GlobWetland-II project makes use of the 35 years of Landsat archives for a basic identification and delineation of wetlands during 1975, 1990, and 2005. The authors present results of wetland identification and delineation mapping from 1975 to 2002, for the test sites of the Menderes Delta and GÌ_llÌ_k Bay.

The Price of Life: A Look at the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity

EarthzineBiodiversity, Economy, Ecosystems Theme, Original, Themed Articles

Aerial view of Watsonville, CA and the agricultural areas surrounding the town Public Domain US Army Corps of Engineers Digital Visual Library.Scientists, citizens, non-governmental organizations and governments need to find a shared language. As the language of the market system, economic valuation can offer common communication that creates a bridge between different fields of work. A synthesis called TEEB outlines an approach to environmental valuation and offers recommendations on how decision-makers can use the plan as an informative tool.